Wayiqra (Leviticus) 25:1 - 27:34

 

Leviticus 25

1 And יהוה spoke to Mosheh on Mount Sinai, saying,

2 "Speak to the children of Yisra'ĕl, and say to them, ‘When you come into the land which I give you, then the land shall observe a Shabbath to יהוה.

3 ‘Six years you sow your field, and six years you prune your vineyard, and gather in its fruit,

4 but in the seventh year the land is to have a Shabbath of rest, a Shabbath to יהוה. Do not sow your field and do not prune your vineyard.

5 ‘Do not reap what grows of its own of your harvest, and do not gather the grapes of your unpruned vine, for it is a year of rest for the land.

6 ‘And the Shabbath of the land shall be to you for food, for you and your servant, and for your female servant and your hired servant, and for the stranger who sojourns with you,

7 and for your livestock and the beasts that are in your land. All its crops are for food.

8 ‘And you shall count seven Shabbathoth of years for yourself, seven times seven years. And the time of the seven Shabbathoth of years shall be to you forty-nine years.

9  ‘You shall then sound a ram's horn to pass through on the tenth day of the seventh month, on Yom ha'Kippurim cause a ram's horn to pass through all your land.

10 ‘And you shall qadosh the fiftieth year, and proclaim release throughout all the land to all its inhabitants, it is a Yobĕl for you. And each of you shall return to his possession, and each of you return to his clan.

11 ‘The fiftieth year is a Yoḇĕl to you. Do not sow, nor reap what grows of its own, nor gather from its unpruned vine.

12 ‘It is a Yoḇĕl, it is qodesh to you. Eat from the field its crops.

13 ‘In the Year of this Yoḇĕl let each one of you return to his possession.

14 ‘And when you sell whatever to your neighbour or buy from the hand of your neighbour, do not exploit one another.

15 ‘According to the number of years after the Yoḇĕl you buy from your neighbour, and according to the number of years of crops he sells to you.

16  ‘According to the greater number of years you increase its price, and according to the fewer number of years you diminish its price, because he sells to you according to the number of the years of the crops.

17 ‘And do not oppress one another, but you shall revere your Elohim. For I am יהוה your Elohim.

18 ‘And you shall do My Laws and guard My Right-Rulings, and shall do them. And you shall dwell in the land in safety,

19 ‘and the land shall yield its fruit, and you shall eat to satisfaction, and shall dwell there in safety.

20 ‘And since you might say, "What do we eat in the seventh year, since we do not sow nor gather in our crops?"

21 ‘Therefore I have Commanded My beraḵah on you in the sixth year, and it shall bring forth the crop for three years.

22 ‘And you shall sow in the eighth year, and eat of the old crop until the ninth year. Eat of the old until its crop comes in.

23 ‘And the land is not to be sold beyond reclaim, for the land is Mine, for you are sojourners and settlers with Me.

24 ‘And provide for a redemption for the land, in all the land of your possession.

25 ‘When your brother becomes poor, and has sold some of his possession, and his redeemer, a close relative comes to redeem it, then he shall redeem what his brother sold.

26 ‘And when the man has no one to redeem it, but he himself becomes able to redeem it,

27  then let him count the years since its sale, and return the remainder to the man to whom he sold it, that he shall return to his possession.

28 ‘And if his hand has not found enough to give back to him, then what was sold shall remain in the hand of him who bought it until the Year of Yoḇĕl. And it shall be released in the Yoḇĕl, and he shall return to his possession.

29 ‘And when a man sells a house in a walled city, then his right of redemption shall be at the end of the year after it is sold. His right of redemption lasts a year.

30 ‘But if it is not redeemed within a complete year, then the house in the walled city shall be established beyond reclaim to the buyer of it, throughout his generations. It is not released in the Yoḇĕl.

31 ‘The houses of villages, however, which have no wall around them are reckoned as the field of the country. A right of redemption belongs to it, and they are released in the Yoḇĕl.

32  ‘As for the cities of the Lĕwites, and the houses in the cities of their possession, the Lĕwites have a right of redemption forever.

33  ‘And that which is redeemed from the Lĕwites, both the sale of a house and the city of his possession shall be released in the Year of Yoḇĕl, because the houses in the cities of the Lĕwites are their possession in the midst of the children of Yisra'ĕl.

34 ‘But the field of the open land of their cities is not sold, for it is their everlasting possession.

35 ‘And when your brother becomes poor, and his hand has failed with you, then you shall sustain him, and he shall live with you, like a stranger or a sojourner.

36 ‘Take no interest from him, or profit, but you shall revere your Elohim, and your brother shall live with you.

37 ‘Do not lend him your silver on interest, and do not lend him your food for profit.

38  ‘I am יהוה your Elohim, who brought you out of the land of Mitsrayim, to give you the land of Kenaʽan, to be your Elohim.

39 ‘And when your brother who dwells by you becomes poor, and sells himself to you, do not make him serve as a slave.

40 ‘But as a hired servant, as a settler he is with you, and serves you until the Year of Yoḇĕl.

41 ‘And then he shall leave you, he and his children with him, and shall return to his own clan, even return to the possession of his fathers.

42 ‘For they are My servants, whom I brought out of the land of Mitsrayim, they are not sold as slaves.

43 ‘Do not rule over him with harshness, but you shall revere your Elohim.

44 ‘And your male and female slaves whom you have from the nations that are around you, from them you buy male and female slaves,

45 and also from the sons of the strangers sojourning among you, from them you buy, and from their clans who are with you, which they shall bring forth in your land, and they shall be your property.

46 ‘And you shall take them as an inheritance for your children after you, to inherit them as a possession, they are your slaves for all time. But over your brothers, the children of Yisra'ĕl, you do not rule with harshness, one over another.

47 ‘Now when a sojourner or a settler with you becomes rich, and your brother with him becomes poor, and sells himself to the settler or sojourner with you, or to a member of the sojourner's clan,

48 after he has been sold, there is a right of redemption to him - one of his brothers does redeem him,

49 or his uncle or his uncle's son does redeem him, or anyone who is a close relative to him in his clan does redeem him, or if he is able, then he shall redeem himself.

50  ‘And he shall reckon with him who bought him: The price of his release shall be according to the number of years, from the year that he was sold to him until the Year of Yoḇĕl; as the days of a hired servant it is with him.

51 ‘If there are yet many years, according to them he repays the price of his redemption, from the silver of his purchase.

52  ‘And if few years are left until the Year of Yoḇĕl, then he shall reckon with him, and according to his years he repays him the price of his redemption.

53 ‘He is with him as a yearly hired servant, and he does not rule with harshness over him before your eyes.

54 ‘And if he is not redeemed in these years, then he shall be released in the Year of Yoḇĕl, he and his children with him.

55 ‘Because the children of Yisra'ĕl are servants to Me, they are My servants whom I brought out of the land of Mitsrayim. I am יהוה your Elohim.

Leviticus 26

1  ‘Do not make idols for yourselves, and do not put up a carved image or a pillar for yourselves, and do not place a stone image in your land, to bow down to it. For I am יהוה your Elohim.

2 ‘Guard My Shabbathoth and reverence My Miqdash. I am יהוה.


3 ‘If you walk in My Laws and guard My Commands, and shall do them,

4 then I shall give you rain in its season, and the land shall yield its crops, and the trees of the field yield their fruit.

5 ‘And your threshing shall last till the time of the grape harvest, and the grape harvest shall last till the time of sowing. And you shall eat your bread until you have enough, and shall dwell in your land safely.

6 ‘And I shall give peace in the land, and you shall lie down and no one make you afraid. And I shall clear the land of evil beasts, and not let the sword go through your land.

7 ‘And you shall pursue your enemies, and they shall fall by the sword before you.

8 ‘And five of you shall pursue a hundred, and a hundred of you pursue ten thousand. And your enemies shall fall by the sword before you.

9 ‘And I shall turn to you and make you bear fruit, and shall increase you, and shall establish My Covenant with you.

10 ‘And you shall eat the old supply, and clear out the old because of the new.

11 ‘And I shall set My Mishkan in your midst, and My being shall not reject you.

12 ‘And I shall walk in your midst, and shall be your Elohim, and you shall be My people.

13 ‘I am יהוה your Elohim, who brought you out of the land of Mitsrayim, from being their slaves. And I have broken the bars of your yoke and made you walk upright.

14 ‘But if you do not obey Me, and do not do all these Commands,

15 and if you reject My Laws, or if your being loathes My Right-Rulings, so that you do not do all My Commands, but break My Covenant,

16 I also do this to you: And I shall appoint sudden alarm over you, wasting disease and inflammation, destroying the eyes, and consuming the life. And you shall sow your seed in vain, for your enemies shall eat it.

17 ‘And I shall set My face against you, and you shall be smitten before your enemies. And those who hate you shall rule over you, and you shall flee when no one pursues you.

18 ‘And after all these, if you do not obey Me, then I shall punish you seven times more for your sins.

19 ‘And I shall break the pride of your power, and shall make your shamayim like iron and your earth like bronze.

20 ‘And your strength shall be spent in vain and your land not yield its crops, nor the trees of the land yield their fruit.

21  ‘And if you walk contrary to Me, and refuse to obey Me, I shall bring on you seven times more plagues, according to your sins,

22 and send wild beasts among you, which shall bereave you of your children. And I shall cut off your livestock, and make you few in number, and your highways shall be deserted.

23 ‘And if you are not instructed by Me by these, but walk contrary to Me,

24  then I also shall walk contrary to you, and I Myself shall smite you seven times for your sins.

25  ‘And I shall bring against you a sword executing the vengeance of My covenant, and you shall gather together in your cities, and I shall send pestilence among you, and you shall be given into the hand of the enemy.

26  ‘When I have cut off your supply of bread, ten women shall bake your bread in one oven, and they shall bring back to you your bread by weight, and you shall eat and not be satisfied.

27 ‘And if in spite of this, you do not obey Me, but walk contrary to Me,

28 then I shall walk contrary to you in wrath. And I Myself shall punish you seven times for your sins.

29 ‘And you shall eat the flesh of your sons, and eat the flesh of your daughters.

30 ‘And I shall destroy your high places, and cut down your sun-pillars, and put your carcasses on the carcasses of your idols. And My being shall loathe you.

31 ‘And I shall turn your cities into ruins and lay your miqdasim waste, and not smell your sweet fragrances.

32 ‘And I shall lay the land waste, and your enemies who dwell in it shall be astonished at it.

33 ‘And I shall scatter you among the gentiles and draw out a sword after you. And your land shall be desert and your cities ruins,

34 and the land enjoy its Shabbathoth as long as it lies waste and you are in your enemies' land. Then the land would rest and enjoy its Shabbathoth.

35 ‘As long as it lies waste it rests, for the time it did not rest on your Shabbathoth when you dwelt in it.

36 ‘And as for those of you who are left, I shall send faintness into their hearts in the lands of their enemies, and the sound of a shaken leaf shall cause them to flee. And they shall flee as though retreating from a sword, and they shall fall when no one pursues.

37 ‘And they shall stumble over one another, as from before a sword, when no one pursues. And you shall be unable to stand before your enemies.

38 ‘And you shall perish among the gentiles, and the land of your enemies shall eat you up,

39 and those of you who are left rot away in their wickedness in your enemies' lands, and also in their fathers' wickednesses rot away with them.

40  ‘But if they confess their wickedness and the wickedness of their fathers, with their trespass in which they trespassed against Me, and that they also have walked contrary to Me,

41 and that I also have walked contrary to them and have brought them into the land of their enemies - if their uncircumcised heart is then humbled, and they accept the punishment of their wickedness,

42 then I shall remember My Covenant with Yaʽaqoḇ, and also My Covenant with Yitsḥaq, and also remember My Covenant with Aḇraham, and remember the land.

43 ‘For the land was abandoned by them, and enjoying its Shabbathoth while lying waste without them, and they were paying for their wickedness, because they rejected My Right-Rulings and because their being loathed My Laws.

44 ‘And yet for all this, when they are in the land of their enemies, I shall not reject them, nor shall I loathe them so as to destroy them and break My Covenant with them. For I am יהוה their Elohim.

45  ‘Then I shall remember for their sake the Covenant of the ancestors whom I brought out of the land of Mitsrayim before the eyes of the nations to be their Elohim. I am יהוה.' "

46 These are the Laws and the Right-Rulings and the Torot which יהוה made between Himself and the children of Yisra'ĕl on Mount Sinai by the hand of Mosheh.

Leviticus 27

1 And יהוה spoke to Mosheh, saying,

2  "Speak to the children of Yisra'ĕl, and say to them, ‘When a man separates a vow, by your evaluation of lives unto יהוה,

3 when your evaluation is of a male from twenty years old up to sixty years old, then your evaluation shall be fifty sheqels of silver, according to the sheqel of the qodesh place.

4 ‘And if it is a female, then your evaluation shall be thirty sheqels;

5  and if from five years old up to twenty years old, then your evaluation for a male shall be twenty sheqels, and for a female ten sheqels;

6  and if from a month old up to five years old, then your evaluation for a male shall be five sheqels of silver, and for a female your evaluation shall be three sheqels of silver;

7 and if from sixty years old and above, if it is a male, then your evaluation shall be fifteen sheqels, and for a female ten sheqels.

8 ‘But if he is too poor to pay your evaluation, then he shall present himself before the kohen, and the kohen shall lay a value for him. According to the ability of him who vowed, the kohen shall value him.

9 ‘And if it is a beast of which they bring an offering to יהוה, all such given to יהוה is qodesh.

10 ‘He is not to replace it or exchange it, good for spoilt or spoilt for good. And if he at all exchanges beast for beast, then both it and the one exchanged for it is qodesh.

11 ‘And if it is any unclean beast of which they do not bring an offering to יהוה, then he shall present the beast before the kohen;

12 and the kohen shall value it, whether it is good or spoilt. According to your evaluation, O kohen, so it shall be.

13 ‘But if he indeed redeems it, then he shall add one-fifth to your evaluation.

14  ‘And when a man qadosh his house, to be qodesh to יהוה, then the kohen shall value it, whether it is good or spoilt. As the kohen values it, so it stands.

15 ‘And if he who qadosh it does redeems his house, then he shall add one-fifth of the silver of your evaluation to it, and it shall be his.

16  ‘And if a man qadosh to יהוה a field he owns, then your evaluation shall be according to the seed for it - a ḥomer of barley seed at fifty sheqels of silver.

17 ‘If he qadosh his field from the Year of Yoḇĕl, according to your evaluation it stands.

18  ‘But if he qadosh his field after the Yoḇĕl, then the kohen shall reckon to him the silver due according to the years that remain till the Year of Yoḇĕl, and it shall be deducted from your evaluation.

19 ‘And if he who qadosh the field ever wishes to redeem it, then he shall add one-fifth of the silver of your evaluation to it, and it shall be his.

20 ‘And if he does not redeem the field, or if he has sold the field to another man, it is no longer redeemed,

21 but the field, when it is released in the Yoḇĕl, is qodesh to יהוה as a dedicated field, to be the possession of the kohen.

22 ‘And if a man qadosh to יהוה a field which he has bought, which is not the field of his possession,

23 then the kohen shall reckon to him the amount of your evaluation, up to the Year of Yoḇĕl, and he shall give your evaluation on that day, qodesh to יהוה.

24 ‘In the Year of Yoḇĕl the field returns to him from whom he bought it, to him whose is the possession of the land.

25 ‘And all your evaluations are to be according to the sheqel of the qodesh place: twenty gĕrahs to the sheqel.

26 ‘However, a first-born of the beasts, which is first-born to יהוה, no man sets it apart - whether bull or sheep, it belongs to יהוה.

27 ‘And if among the unclean beasts, then he shall ransom it according to your evaluation, and shall add one-fifth to it. And if it is not redeemed, then it shall be sold according to your evaluation.

28  ‘However, whatever a man lays under ban for יהוה of all that he has, man and beast, or the field of his possession, is not sold or redeemed. Whatever is laid under ban is most qodesh to יהוה.

29 ‘No one under the ban, under the ban among men, is ransomed, but shall certainly be put to death.

30 ‘And all the tithe of the land - of the seed of the land or of the fruit of the tree - belongs to יהוה. It is qodesh to יהוה.

31 ‘If a man indeed redeems any of his tithes, he adds one-fifth to it.

32 ‘And the entire tithe of the herd and of the flock, all that passes under the rod, the tenth one is qodesh to יהוה.

33 ‘He does not inquire whether it is good or spoilt, nor does he exchange it. And if he exchanges it at all, then both it and the one exchanged for it are qodesh, it is not redeemed.' "

34 These are the Commands which יהוה Commanded Mosheh for the children of Yisra'ĕl on Mount Sinai.