SHEMOTH (Exodus) 18:1 - 20:26

Exodus 18


1 And Yithro, the kohen of Miḏyan, Mosheh's father-in-law, heard of all that Elohim had done for Mosheh and for Yisra'ĕl His people, that יהוה had brought Yisra'ĕl out of Mitsrayim.

2 And Yithro, Mosheh's father-in-law, took Tsipporah, the wife of Mosheh - after he had sent her back,

3 and her two sons, of whom the name of one was Gĕreshom, for he said, "I have been a sojourner in a foreign land,"

4 and the name of the other was Eliʽezer, for he said, "The Elohim of my father was my help, and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh."

5 Yithro, Mosheh's father-in-law, came with his sons and his wife to Mosheh in the wilderness, where he was encamped at the mountain of Elohim.

6 And he had said to Mosheh, "I, your father-in-law Yithro, am coming to you with your wife and her two sons with her."

7 And Mosheh went out to meet his father-in-law, and bowed down, and kissed him. And they asked each other about their welfare, and they went into the tent.

8 And Mosheh told his father-in-law all that יהוה had done to Pharaoh and to the Mitsrites for Yisra'ĕl's sake, all the hardship that had come upon them on the way, and how יהוה had delivered them.

9 And Yithro rejoiced for all the good which יהוה had done for Yisra'ĕl, whom He had delivered out of the hand of the Mitsrites.

10 And Yithro said, "Baruḵ be יהוה, who has delivered you out of the hand of the Mitsrites and out of the hand of Pharaoh, and who has delivered the people from under the hand of the Mitsrites.

11 "Now I know that יהוה is greater than all the mighty ones, for in the matter in which they acted proudly, above them."

12 Then Yithro, the father-in-law of Mosheh, brought a burnt offering and other slaughterings unto Elohim. And Aharon came with all the elders of Yisra'ĕl to eat bread with the father-in-law of Mosheh before Elohim.

13 And it came to be, on the next day, that Mosheh sat to rightly rule the people. And the people stood before Mosheh from morning until evening.

14 And when the father-in-law of Mosheh saw all that he did for the people, he said, "What is this that you are doing for the people? Why do you sit by yourself, and all the people stand before you from morning until evening?"

15 And Mosheh said to his father-in-law, "Because the people come to me to seek Elohim.

16 "When they have a matter, they come to me, and I rightly rule between one and another, and make known the laws of Elohim and His Torot."

17 And the father-in-law of Mosheh said to him, "What you are doing is not good.

18 "Both you and these people with you shall certainly wear yourselves out. For the matter is too heavy for you. You are not able to do it by yourself.

19 "Now listen to my voice. Let me counsel you and Elohim be with you: Stand before Elohim for the people, and you shall bring the matters to Elohim.

20 "And you shall warn them of the Laws and the Torot, and show them the way in which they should walk and the work which they do.

21 "But you yourself, seek out from all the people able men, who revere Elohim, men of truth, hating unfair gain. And place them over them to be rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.

22 "And they shall rightly rule the people at all times. And it shall be that they bring every great matter to you, but they themselves rightly rule every small matter. So, make it lighter for yourself, for they shall bear with you.

23 "If you do this word, and Elohim shall command you, then you shall be able to stand and all this people also go to their place in peace."

24 And Mosheh listened to the voice of his father-in-law and did all that he said.

25 And Mosheh chose able men out of all Yisra'ĕl, and made them heads over the people: rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.

26 And they rightly ruled the people at all times - the hard matters they brought to Mosheh, but they rightly ruled every small matter themselves.

27  And Mosheh sent off his father-in-law, and he went away to his own land.

Exodus 19

1 In the third month after the children of Yisra'ĕl had come out of the land of Mitsrayim, on this day they came to the Wilderness of Sinai.

2 For they departed from Rephiḏim, and had come to the Wilderness of Sinai, and camped in the wilderness. So Yisra'ĕl camped there before the mountain.

3 And Mosheh went up to Elohim, and יהוה called to him from the mountain, saying, "This is what you are to say to the house of Yaʽaqoḇ, and declare to the children of Yisra'ĕl:

4 ‘You have seen what I did to the Mitsrites, and how I bore you on eagles' wings and brought you to Myself.

5 ‘And now, if you diligently obey My voice, and shall guard My Covenant, then you shall be My treasured possession above all the peoples - for all the earth is Mine -

6 ‘and you shall be to Me a reign of kohenim and a qodesh nation.' Those are the words which you are to speak to the children of Yisra'ĕl."

7  And Mosheh came and called for the elders of the people, and put before them all these words which יהוה commanded him.

8 And all the people answered together and said, "All that יהוה has spoken we shall do." So Mosheh brought back the words of the people to יהוה.

9 And יהוה said to Mosheh, "See, I am coming to you in the thick cloud, so that the people hear when I speak with you, and believe you forever." And Mosheh reported the words of the people to יהוה.

10 And יהוה said to Mosheh, "Go to the people and qadosh them today and tomorrow. And they shall wash their garments,

11 and shall be prepared by the third day. For on the third day יהוה shall come down upon Mount Sinai before the eyes of all the people.

12  "And you shall make a border for the people all around, saying, ‘Take heed to yourselves that you do not go up to the mountain or touch the border of it. Whoever touches the mountain shall certainly be put to death.

13 ‘Not a hand is to touch it, but he shall certainly be stoned or shot with an arrow, whether man or beast, he shall not live.' When the trumpet sounds long, let them come near the mountain."

14 And Mosheh came down from the mountain to the people and qadosh the people, and they washed their garments.

15 And he said to the people, "Be prepared by the third day. Do not come near a wife."

16 And it came to be, on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud on the mountain. And the sound of the ram's horn was very loud, and all the people who were in the camp trembled.

17 And Mosheh brought the people out of the camp to meet with Elohim, and they stood at the foot of the mountain.

18 And Mount Sinai was in smoke, all of it, because יהוה descended upon it in fire. And its smoke went up like the smoke of a furnace, and all the mountain trembled exceedingly.

19  And when the blast of the ram's horn sounded long and became very strong, Mosheh spoke, and Elohim answered him by voice.

20 And יהוה came down upon Mount Sinai, on the top of the mountain. And יהוה called Mosheh to the top of the mountain, and Mosheh went up.

21  And יהוה said to Mosheh, "Go down, warn the people, lest they break through unto יהוה to see, and many of them fall.

22 "And let the kohenim who come near יהוה qadosh themselves too, lest יהוה break out against them."

23 And Mosheh said to יהוה, "The people are not able to come up to Mount Sinai, for You warned us, saying, ‘Make a border around the mountain and qadosh it.' "

24 And יהוה said to him, "Come, go down and then come up, you and Aharon with you. But do not let the kohenim and the people break through to come up to יהוה, lest He break out against them."

25 And Mosheh went down to the people and spoke to them.

Exodus 20

1 And Elohim spoke all these Words, saying,

2 "I am יהוה your Elohim, who brought you out of the land of Mitsrayim, out of the house of slavery.

3 "You have no other mighty ones against My face.

4  "You do not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of that which is in the shamayim above, or which is in the earth beneath, or which is in the waters under the earth,

5 you do not bow down to them nor serve them. For I, יהוה your Elohim am a jealous Ěl, visiting the wickedness of the fathers on the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me,

6 but showing kindness to thousands, to those who love Me and guard My Commands.

7  "You do not bring the Name of יהוה your Elohim to naught, for יהוה does not leave the one unpunished who brings His Name to naught.

8 "Remember the Shabbath day, to qadosh it.

9 "Six days you labour, and shall do all your work,

10 but the seventh day is a Shabbath of יהוה your Elohim. You do not do any work - you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates.

11  "For in six days יהוה made the shamayim and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore יהוה baraḵ the Shabbath day and qadosh it.

12 "Respect your father and your mother, so that your days are prolonged upon the soil which יהוה your Elohim is giving you.

13 "You do not murder.

14 "You do not commit adultery.

15 "You do not steal.

16 "You do not bear false witness against your neighbour.

17 "You do not covet your neighbour's house, you do not covet your neighbour's wife, nor his male servant, nor his female servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, or whatever belongs to your neighbour."

18 And all the people saw the thunders, the lightning flashes, the sound of the ram's horn, and the mountain smoking. And the people saw it, and they trembled and stood at a distance,

19 and said to Mosheh, "You speak with us and we hear, but let not Elohim speak with us, lest we die."

20 And Mosheh said to the people, "Do not fear, for Elohim has come to prove you, and in order that His reverence be before you, so that you do not sin."

21 So the people stood at a distance, but Mosheh drew near the dense cloud where Elohim was.

22 And יהוה said to Mosheh, "Say this to the children of Yisra'ĕl: ‘You yourselves have seen that I have spoken to you from the shamayim.

23 ‘You do not make besides Me mighty ones of silver, and you do not make mighty ones of gold for yourselves.

24  ‘Make an altar of earth for Me, and you shall slaughter on it your burnt offerings and your peace offerings, your sheep and your cattle. In every place where I cause My Name to be remembered I shall come to you and baraḵ you.

25 ‘And if you make Me an altar of stone, do not build it of cut stone, for if you use your chisel on it, you have profaned it.

26 ‘Nor do you go up by steps to My altar, lest your nakedness be exposed on it.'