SHEMOTH (Exodus) 13:17 - 17:16

17  And it came to be, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that Elohim did not lead them by way of the land of the Pelishtites, though that was nearer, for Elohim said, "Lest the people regret when they see fighting, and return to Mitsrayim."

18 So Elohim led the people around by way of the wilderness of the Sea of Reeds. And the children of Yisra'ĕl went up armed from the land of Mitsrayim.

19 And Mosheh took the bones of Yosĕph with him, for he certainly made the children of Yisra'ĕl swear, saying, "Elohim shall certainly visit you, and you shall bring my bones from here with you."

20 And they departed from Sukkoth and camped in Ětham at the edge of the wilderness.

21  And יהוה went before them by day in a column of cloud to lead the way, and by night in a column of fire to give them light, so as to go by day and night.

22 The column of cloud did not cease by day, nor the column of fire by night, before the people.

Exodus 14

1 And יהוה spoke to Mosheh, saying,

2  "Speak to the children of Yisra'ĕl, that they turn and camp before Pi Haḥiroth, between Miḡdol and the sea, opposite Baʽal Tsephon - camp before it by the sea.

3 "For Pharaoh shall say of the children of Yisra'ĕl, ‘They are entangled in the land, the wilderness has closed them in.'

4 "And I shall harden the heart of Pharaoh, and he shall pursue them. But I am to be esteemed through Pharaoh and over all his army, and the Mitsrites shall know that I am יהוה." And they did so.

5 And it was reported to the sovereign of Mitsrayim that the people had fled, and the heart of Pharaoh and his servants was turned against the people. And they said, "Why have we done this, that we have let Yisra'ĕl go from serving us?"

6 So he made his chariot ready and took his people with him.

7 And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Mitsrayim with officers over all of them.

8 And יהוה hardened the heart of Pharaoh sovereign of Mitsrayim, and he pursued the children of Yisra'ĕl, but the children of Yisra'ĕl went out defiantly.

9 And the Mitsrites pursued them, and all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, and his horsemen and his army, and reached them camping by the sea beside Pi Haḥiroth, before Baʽal Tsephon.

10 And when Pharaoh drew near, the children of Yisra'ĕl lifted their eyes and saw the Mitsrites coming up after them. And they were greatly afraid, so the children of Yisra'ĕl cried out to יהוה.

11 And they said to Mosheh, "Did you take us away to die in the wilderness because there are no graves in Mitsrayim? What is this you have done to us, to bring us up out of Mitsrayim?

12 "Is this not the word that we spoke to you in Mitsrayim, saying, ‘Leave us alone and let us serve the Mitsrites?' For it would have been better for us to serve the Mitsrites than to die in the wilderness."

13 And Mosheh said to the people, "Do not be afraid. Stand still, and see the deliverance of יהוה, which He does for you today. For the Mitsrites whom you see today, you are never, never to see again.

14 "יהוה  fights for you, and you keep silent."

15 And יהוה said to Mosheh, "Why do you cry to Me? Speak to the children of Yisra'ĕl, and let them go forward.

16 "And you, lift up your rod, and stretch out your hand over the sea and divide it, and let the children of Yisra'ĕl go on dry ground through the midst of the sea.

17 "And I, see I am hardening the hearts of the Mitsrites, and they shall follow them. And I am to be esteemed through Pharaoh and over all his army, his chariots, and his horsemen.

18 "And the Mitsrites shall know that I am יהוה, when I am esteemed through Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen."

19 And the Messenger of Elohim, who went before the camp of Yisra'ĕl, moved and went behind them. And the column of cloud went from before them and stood behind them,

20 and came between the camp of the Mitsrites and the camp of Yisra'ĕl. And it was the cloud and the darkness, and it gave light by night, and the one did not come near the other all the night.

21 And Mosheh stretched out his hand over the sea. And יהוה caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea into dry land, and the waters were divided.

22 And the children of Yisra'ĕl went into the midst of the sea on dry ground, and the waters were a wall to them on their right and on their left.

23 And the Mitsrites pursued and went after them into the midst of the sea, all the horses of Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen.

24 And it came to be, in the morning watch, that יהוה looked down upon the army of the Mitsrites through the column of fire and cloud, and He brought the army of the Mitsrites into confusion.

25 And He took off their chariot wheels, so that they drove them with difficulty. And the Mitsrites said, "Let us flee from the face of Yisra'ĕl, for יהוה fights for them against the Mitsrites."

26 Then יהוה said to Mosheh, "Stretch out your hand over the sea, and let the waters come back upon the Mitsrites, on their chariots, and on their horsemen."

27 And Mosheh stretched out his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to its usual flow, at the break of day, with the Mitsrites fleeing into it. Thus יהוה overthrew the Mitsrites in the midst of the sea,

28 and the waters returned and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, and all the army of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them, and not even one was left of them.

29 And the children of Yisra'ĕl walked on dry ground in the midst of the sea, and the waters were a wall to them on their right and on their left.

30 Thus יהוה saved Yisra'ĕl that day out of the hand of the Mitsrites, and Yisra'ĕl saw the Mitsrites dead on the seashore.

31 And Yisra'ĕl saw the great work which יהוה had done in Mitsrayim, and the people revered יהוה, and believed יהוה and His servant Mosheh.

Exodus 15

1 Then Mosheh and the children of Yisra'ĕl sang this song to יהוה, and spoke, saying, "I sing to יהוה, for He is highly exalted! The horse and its rider He has thrown into the sea!

2 "Yah is my strength and song, and He has become my deliverance. He is my Ěl, and I praise Him - Elohim of my father, and I exalt Him.

3 "יהוה is a man of battle, יהוה is His Name.

4 "He has cast Pharaoh's chariots and his army into the sea, and his chosen officers are drowned in the Sea of Reeds.

5 "The depths covered them, they went down to the bottom like a stone.

6 "Your right hand, O יהוה, has become great in power. Your right hand, O יהוה, has crushed the enemy.

7 "And in the greatness of Your excellence You pulled down those who rose up against You. You sent forth Your wrath, it consumed them like stubble.

8 "And with the wind of Your nostrils the waters were heaped up, the floods stood like a wall, the depths became stiff in the heart of the sea.

9 "The enemy said, ‘I pursue, I overtake, I divide the spoil, my being is satisfied on them. I draw out my sword, my hand destroys them.'

10 "You blew with Your wind, the sea covered them, they sank like lead in the mighty waters.

11 "Who is like You, O יהוה, among the mighty ones? Who is like You, great in qodeshah? Awesome in praises, working wonders.

12 "You stretched out Your right hand, the earth swallowed them.

13 "In Your kindness You led the people whom You have redeemed, in Your strength You guided them to Your qodesh dwelling.

14 "Peoples heard, they trembled, anguish gripped the inhabitants of Pelesheth.

15 "Then the chiefs of Eḏom were troubled, the mighty men of Mo'aḇ, trembling grips them, all the inhabitants of Kenaʽan melted.

16  "Fear and dread fell on them, by the greatness of Your arm they are as silent as a stone, until Your people pass over, O יהוה, until the people, whom You have bought, pass over.

17  "You bring them in and plant them in the mountain of Your inheritance, in the place, O יהוה, which You have made for Your own dwelling, The Miqdash, O יהוה, which Your hands have prepared.

18 "יהוה reigns forever and ever."

19 For the horses of Pharaoh went with his chariots and his horsemen into the sea, and יהוה brought back the waters of the sea upon them. And the children of Yisra'ĕl went on dry ground in the midst of the sea.

20 And Miryam the neḇiyah, the sister of Aharon, took the timbrel in her hand. And all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances.

21 And Miryam answered them, "Sing to יהוה, for He is highly exalted! The horse and its rider He has thrown into the sea!"

22 And Mosheh brought Yisra'ĕl from the Sea of Reeds, and they went out into the Wilderness of Shur. And they went three days in the wilderness and found no water.

23 And they came to Marah, and they were unable to drink the waters of Marah, for they were bitter. So the name of it was called Marah.

24 And the people grumbled against Mosheh, saying, "What are we to drink?"

25 Then he cried out to יהוה, and יהוה showed him a tree. And when he threw it into the waters, the waters were made sweet. There He made a law and a right-ruling for them, and there He tried them.

26 And He said, "If you diligently obey the voice of יהוה your Elohim and do what is right in His eyes, and shall listen to His Commands and shall guard all His Laws, I shall bring on you none of the diseases I brought on the Mitsrites, for I am יהוה who heals you."

27 And they came to Ělim, where there were twelve fountains of water and seventy palm trees. And they camped there by the waters.

Exodus 16

1  And they departed from Ělim, and all the congregation of the children of Yisra'ĕl came to the Wilderness of Sin, which is between Ělim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their going out of the land of Mitsrayim.

2 And all the congregation of the children of Yisra'ĕl grumbled against Mosheh and Aharon in the wilderness.

3 And the children of Yisra'ĕl said to them, "If only we had died by the hand of יהוה in the land of Mitsrayim, when we sat by the pots of meat and when we ate bread to satisfaction! For you have brought us out into this wilderness to put all this assembly to death with hunger."

4 And יהוה said to Mosheh, "See, I am raining bread from the shamayim for you. And the people shall go out and gather a day's portion every day, in order to try them, whether they walk in My Torah or not.

5  "And it shall be on the sixth day that they shall prepare what they bring in, and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily."

6  And Mosheh and Aharon said to all the children of Yisra'ĕl, "At evening you shall know that יהוה has brought you out of the land of Mitsrayim.

7 "And in the morning you shall see the esteem of יהוה, for He hears your grumblings against יהוה. And what are we, that you grumble against us?"

8  And Mosheh said, "In that יהוה gives you meat to eat in the evening, and in the morning bread to satisfaction, for יהוה hears your grumblings which you make against Him. And what are we? Your grumblings are not against us but against יהוה."

9 And Mosheh said to Aharon, "Say to all the congregation of the children of Yisra'ĕl, ‘Come near before יהוה, for He has heard your grumblings.' "

10 And it came to be, as Aharon spoke to all the congregation of the children of Yisra'ĕl, that they looked toward the wilderness and see, the esteem of יהוה appeared in the cloud.

11 And יהוה spoke to Mosheh, saying,

12 "I have heard the grumblings of the children of Yisra'ĕl. Speak to them, saying, ‘Between the evenings you are to eat meat, and in the morning you are to be satisfied with bread. And you shall know that I am יהוה your Elohim.' "

13 And it came to be that quails came up at evening and covered the camp, and in the morning the dew lay all around the camp.

14 And the layer of dew went up, and see, on the surface of the wilderness, was a small round substance, as fine as frost on the ground.

15 And the children of Yisra'ĕl saw, and they said to each other, "What is it?" For they did not know what it was. And Mosheh said to them, "It is the bread which יהוה has given you to eat.

16  "This is the word which יהוה has commanded: ‘Let every man gather it according to each one's need, an omer for each being, according to the number of beings. Let every man take for those who are in his tent.' "

17 And the children of Yisra'ĕl did so and gathered, some more, some less.

18 And they measured it by omers, and he who gathered much did not have too much, and he who gathered little did not have too little. Each one gathered according to his need.

19 And Mosheh said, "Let no one leave any of it until morning."

20  And they did not listen to Mosheh, so some of them left part of it until morning, and it bred worms and stank. And Mosheh was wroth with them.

21 And they gathered it every morning, each one according to his need. And when the sun became hot, it melted.

22 And it came to be, on the sixth day, that they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each one. And all the rulers of the congregation came and told Mosheh.

23 And he said to them, "This is what יהוה has said, ‘Tomorrow is a rest, a Shabbath qodesh to יהוה. That which you bake, bake; and that which you cook, cook. And lay up for yourselves all that is left over, to keep it until morning.' "

24 And they laid it up till morning, as Mosheh commanded. And it did not stink, and no worm was in it.

25 And Mosheh said, "Eat it today, for today is a Shabbath to יהוה, today you do not find it in the field.

26 "Gather it six days, but on the seventh day, which is the Shabbath, there is none."

27 And it came to be that some of the people went out on the seventh day to gather, but they found none.

28 And יהוה said to Mosheh, "How long shall you refuse to guard My Commands and My Torot?

29 "See, because יהוה has given you the Shabbath, therefore He is giving you bread for two days on the sixth day. Let each one stay in his place, do not let anyone go out of his place on the seventh day."

30 So the people rested on the seventh day. Footnote: The seventh day of the week, the weekly Shabbath, was observed before the Ten Words were given on Mt. Sinai.

31 And the house of Yisra'ĕl called its name Manna. And it was like white coriander seed, and the taste of it was like thin cakes made with honey.

32  And Mosheh said, "This is the word which יהוה has commanded: ‘Fill an omer with it, to keep for your generations, so that they see the bread with which I fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you out of the land of Mitsrayim.' "

33 And Mosheh said to Aharon, "Take a pot and put an omer of manna in it, and put it down before יהוה, to keep for your generations."

34 As יהוה commanded Mosheh, so Aharon put it down before the Witness, to keep.

35 And the children of Yisra'ĕl ate manna forty years, until they came to an inhabited land. They ate manna until they came to the border of the land of Kenaʽan.

36 And an omer is one-tenth of an ĕphah.

Exodus 17

1 And all the congregation of the children of Yisra'ĕl departed on their journey from the Wilderness of Sin, according to the command of יהוה, and camped in Rephiḏim. And there was no water for the people to drink.

2 Therefore the people strove with Mosheh, and said, "Give us water to drink." And Mosheh said to them, "Why do you strive with me? Why do you try יהוה?"

3 And the people thirsted there for water, and the people grumbled against Mosheh, and said, "Why did you bring us out of Mitsrayim, to kill us and our children and our livestock with thirst?"

4 Then Mosheh cried out to יהוה, saying, "What am I to do with this people? Yet a little and they shall stone me!"

5 And יהוה said to Mosheh, "Pass over before the people, and take with you some of the elders of Yisra'ĕl. And take in your hand your rod with which you struck the river, and go.

6 "See, I am standing before you there on the rock in Ḥorĕḇ. And you shall smite the rock, and water shall come out of it, and the people shall drink." And Mosheh did so before the eyes of the elders of Yisra'ĕl.

7 And he called the name of the place Massah and Meriḇah, because of the ‘strife' of the children of Yisra'ĕl, and because they ‘tried' יהוה, saying, "Is יהוה in our midst or not?"

8 And Amalĕq came and fought with Yisra'ĕl in Rephiḏim.

9 And Mosheh said to Yahoshua, "Choose for us men and go out, fight with Amalĕq. Tomorrow I am stationing myself on the top of the hill with the rod of Elohim in my hand."

10 And Yahoshua did as Mosheh said to him, to fight with Amalĕq. And Mosheh, Aharon, and Ḥur went up to the top of the hill.

11 And it came to be, when Mosheh held up his hand, that Yisra'ĕl prevailed. And when he let down his hand, Amalĕq prevailed.

12 But Mosheh's hands were heavy, so they took a stone and put it under him, and he sat on it. And Aharon and Ḥur supported his hands, one on one side, and the other on the other side. And his hands were steady until the going down of the sun.

13 And Yahoshua defeated Amalĕq and his people with the edge of the sword.

14 And יהוה said to Mosheh, "Write this for a remembrance in the book and recite it in the hearing of Yahoshua, that I shall completely blot out the remembrance of Amalĕq from under the shamayim."

15 And Mosheh built an altar and called its name, יהוה Nissi,

16 for he said, "Because a hand is on the throne of Yah, יהוה is to fight against Amalĕq, from generation to generation."