Debarim 1:1 - 3:22
Deuteronomy 1:1 - 3:22
1 These are the words which Mosheh spoke to all Yisra'ĕl beyond the Yardĕn in the wilderness, in the desert plain opposite Suph, between Paran and Tophel, and Laḇan, and Ḥatsĕroth, and Di Zahaḇ,
2 eleven days from Ḥorĕḇ by way of Mount Sĕʽir to Qaḏĕsh Barnĕa.
3 And it came to be in the fortieth year, in the eleventh month, on the first day of the month, that Mosheh spoke to the children of Yisra'ĕl according to all that יהוה had commanded him concerning them,
4 after he had smitten Siḥon sovereign of the Amorites, who dwelt in Ḥeshbon, and Oḡ sovereign of Bashan, who dwelt at Ashtaroth in Eḏreʽi.
5 Beyond the Yardĕn, in the land of Mo'aḇ, Mosheh undertook to declare this Torah, saying,
6 "יהוה our Elohim spoke to us in Ḥorĕḇ, saying, ‘You have dwelt long enough at this mountain.
7 ‘Turn and depart on your way, and go into the mountains of the Amorites, and to all the neighbouring places in the desert plain, in the mountains and in the low country, and in the Negeḇ and on the seacoast, to the land of the Kenaʽanites and to Leḇanon, as far as the great river, the River Perath.
8 ‘See, I have set the land before you. Go in and possess the land which יהוה swore to your fathers, to Aḇraham, to Yitsḥaq, and to Yaʽaqoḇ, to give to them and their seed after them.'
9 "And I spoke to you at that time, saying, ‘I am unable to bear you by myself.
10 ‘יהוה your Elohim has increased you, and see, you are today as numerous as the stars of the shamayim.
11 ‘יהוה Elohim of your fathers is going to add to you a thousand times more than you are, and baraḵ you as He has spoken to you!
12 ‘How do I bear your pressure and your burden and your strife, by myself?
13 ‘Choose men, wise and understanding, and known to your tribes, and let me appoint them as your heads.'
14 "And you answered me and said, ‘The word which you have spoken to us to do is good.'
15 "And I took the heads of your tribes, wise men and known, and made them heads over you, leaders of thousands, and leaders of hundreds, and leaders of fifties, and leaders of tens, and officers for your tribes.
16 "And I commanded your judges at that time, saying, ‘When hearing between your brothers, judge righteously between a man and his brother or the stranger who is with him.
17 ‘Do not show partiality in right-ruling, hear the small as well as the great. Do not be afraid of anyone's face, for the right-ruling belongs to Elohim. And the case which is too hard for you, bring it to me, and I shall hear it.'
18 "And I commanded you at that time all the words which you should do.
19 "Then we departed from Ḥorĕḇ, and went through all that great and awesome wilderness which you saw on the way to the mountains of the Amorites, as יהוה our Elohim had commanded us. And we came to Qaḏĕsh Barnĕa.
20 "And I said to you, ‘You have come to the mountains of the Amorites, which יהוה our Elohim is giving us.
21 ‘See, יהוה your Elohim has put the land before you. Go up and possess it, as יהוה Elohim of your fathers has spoken to you. Do not fear, nor be discouraged.'
22 "And all of you came near to me and said, ‘Let us send men before us, and let them search out the land for us, and bring back word to us of the way by which we should go up, and of the cities into which we would come.'
23 "And the matter was good in my eyes, so I took twelve of your men, one man from each tribe.
24 "And they turned and went up into the mountains, and came to the wadi Eshkol, and spied it out.
25 "And they took some of the fruit of the land in their hands and brought it down to us. And they brought back word to us, saying, ‘The land which יהוה our Elohim is giving us is good.'
26 "But you would not go up and rebelled against the word of יהוה your Elohim,
27 and grumbled in your tents, and said, ‘Because יהוה was hating us, He has brought us out of the land of Mitsrayim to give us into the hand of the Amorites, to destroy us.
28 ‘Where are we going to? Our brothers have made our hearts melt, saying, "The people are greater and taller than we, the cities are great and walled up to the shamayim, and we saw the sons of the Anaqim there too." '
29 "Then I said to you, ‘Have no dread or fear of them.
30 ‘יהוה your Elohim, who is going before you, He fights for you, according to all He did for you in Mitsrayim before your eyes,
31 and in the wilderness, where you saw how יהוה your Elohim has borne you, as a man bears his son, in all the way that you went until you came to this place.'
32 "Yet in this matter you are putting no trust in יהוה your Elohim,
33 who is going before you in the way to seek out a place for you to pitch your tents, to show you the way you should go, in fire by night and in a cloud by day.
34 "And יהוה heard the voice of your words, and was wroth, and took an oath, saying,
35 ‘Not one of these men of this evil generation shall see that good land of which I swore to give to your fathers,
36 except Kalĕḇ son of Yephunneh. He shall see it, and to him and his children I give the land on which he walked, because he followed יהוה completely.'
37 "And יהוה was enraged with me for your sakes, saying, ‘You do not go in there, either.
38 ‘Yahoshua the son of Nun, who stands before you, he shall go in there. Strengthen him, for he shall cause Yisra'ĕl to inherit.
39 ‘And your little ones and your children, who you say are for a prey, who today have no knowledge of good and evil, they are going in there. And to them I give it, and they are to possess it.
40 ‘But you, turn and take your journey into the wilderness by the Way of the Sea of Reeds.'
41 "Then you answered and said to me, ‘We have sinned against יהוה. We ourselves are going up, and we shall fight, as יהוה our Elohim commanded us.' And when each one of you had girded on his battle gear, you were ready to go up into the mountain.
42 "And יהוה said to me, ‘Say to them, "Do not go up nor fight, for I am not in your midst, lest you be smitten before your enemies." '
43 "So I spoke to you, but you would not listen and rebelled against the word of יהוה, and acted proudly, and went up into the mountain.
44 "Then the Amorites who dwelt in that mountain came out against you and chased you as bees do, and drove you back from Sĕʽir to Ḥormah.
45 "And you returned and wept before יהוה, but יהוה would not listen to your voice nor give ear to you.
46 "So you dwelt in Qaḏĕsh many days, according to the days that you dwelt.
1 "Then we turned and departed into the wilderness, the way of the Sea of Reeds, as יהוה spoke to me, and we went round Mount Sĕʽir, many days.
2 "And יהוה spoke to me, saying,
3 ‘You have gone around this mountain long enough, turn northward.
4 ‘And command the people, saying, "You are about to pass over into the border of your brothers, the descendants of Ěsaw, who live in Sĕʽir, and they are afraid of you. So be on your guard.
5 "Do not strive with them, for I do not give you any of their land, no, not so much as one footstep, because I have given Mount Sĕʽir to Ěsaw as a possession.
6 "What food you buy from them with silver you shall eat. And also, what water you buy from them with silver you shall drink.
7 "For יהוה your Elohim has baraḵ you in all the work of your hand. He has known your wandering through this great wilderness. These forty years יהוה your Elohim has been with you, you have not lacked any matter." '
8 "And when we passed beyond our brothers, the descendants of Ěsaw who dwell in Sĕʽir, away from the way of the desert plain, away from Ěylath and Etsyon Geḇer, we turned and passed over by way of the Wilderness of Mo'aḇ.
9 "And יהוה said to me, ‘Do not distress Mo'aḇ, nor stir yourself up against them in battle, for I do not give you any of their land as a possession, because I have given Ar to the descendants of Lot as a possession.' "
10 The Ěymites had dwelt there formerly, a people as great and numerous and tall as the Anaqim.
11 They were also reckoned as Repha'ites, like the Anaqim, but the Mo'aḇites call them Ěymites.
12 And the Ḥorites formerly dwelt in Sĕʽir, but the descendants of Ěsaw dispossessed them and destroyed them from before them, and dwelt in their place, as Yisra'ĕl did to the land of their possession which יהוה gave them).
13 " ‘Now rise up, and pass over the wadi Zereḏ.' So we passed over the wadi Zereḏ.
14 "And the time we took to come from Qaḏĕsh Barnĕa until we passed over the wadi Zereḏ was thirty-eight years, until all the generation of the men of battle was consumed from the midst of the camp, as יהוה had sworn to them.
15 "And also, the hand of יהוה was against them, to destroy them from the midst of the camp until they were consumed.
16 "And it came to be, when all the men of battle had finally perished from among the people,
17 that יהוה spoke to me, saying,
18 ‘This day you are to pass over at Ar, the boundary of Mo'aḇ.
19 ‘And when you come near the children of Ammon, do not distress them nor stir yourself up against them, for I do not give you any of the land of the children of Ammon as a possession, because I have given it to the descendants of Lot as a possession.'
20 That was also reckoned as a land of Repha'ites. Repha'ites formerly dwelt there. But the Ammonites call them Zamzummim,
21 a people as great and numerous and tall as the Anaqim. But יהוה destroyed them before them, and they dispossessed them and dwelt in their place,
22 as He had done for the descendants of Ěsaw, who dwelt in Sĕʽir, when He destroyed the Ḥorites from before them. They dispossessed them and dwelt in their place, even to this day.
23 And the Awwim who dwelt in villages as far as Azzah, the Kaphtorim who came from Kaphtor, destroyed them and dwelt in their place.
24 ‘Arise, depart and pass over the wadi Arnon. See, I have given into your hand Siḥon the Amorite, sovereign of Ḥeshbon, and his land. Begin to possess it, and stir up yourself against him in battle.
25 ‘This day I begin to put the dread and fear of you upon the peoples under all the shamayim, who, when they hear the report of you, shall tremble and shake because of you.'
26 "Then I sent messengers from the Wilderness of Qeḏĕmoth to Siḥon sovereign of Ḥeshbon, with words of peace, saying,
27 ‘Let me pass over through your land on the highway. I shall go on the highway and turn neither to the right nor to the left.
28 ‘What food you sell me for silver I shall eat, and what water you give me for silver I shall drink. Only let me pass over on foot,
29 as the descendants of Ěsaw who dwell in Sĕʽir and the Mo'aḇites who dwell in Ar did for me - until I pass over the Yardĕn to the land יהוה our Elohim is giving us.'
30 "But Siḥon sovereign of Ḥeshbon would not let us pass over, for יהוה your Elohim hardened his spirit and strengthened his heart, to give him into your hand, as it is this day.
31 "And יהוה said to me, ‘See, I have begun to give Siḥon and his land over to you. Begin to possess - in order to possess his land.'
32 "And Siḥon and all his people came out against us to fight at Yahats,
33 and יהוה our Elohim gave him over to us, so we smote him, and his sons, and all his people.
34 "And we took all his cities at that time, and we put the men, women, and little ones of every city under the ban, we left none remaining.
35 "Only the livestock we took as plunder for ourselves, and the spoil of the cities which we captured.
36 "From Aroʽĕr, which is on the edge of the wadi Arnon, and the city that is by the wadi, as far as Gilʽaḏ, there was not one city too high for us. יהוה our Elohim gave all to us.
37 "Only you did not go near the land of the children of Ammon - anywhere along the wadi Yabboq, or to the cities of the mountains, or wherever יהוה our Elohim had commanded us.
1 "Then we turned and went up the way to Bashan. And Oḡ sovereign of Bashan came out against us, he and all his people, to battle at Eḏreʽi.
2 "And יהוה said to me, ‘Do not fear him, for I have given him and all his people and his land into your hand. And you shall do to him as you did to Siḥon sovereign of the Amorites, who dwelt at Ḥeshbon.'
3 "So יהוה our Elohim also gave into our hands Oḡ sovereign of Bashan, with all his people, and we smote him until he had no survivors remaining.
4 "And we captured all his cities at that time. There was not a city which we did not take from them: sixty cities, all the district of Argoḇ, the reign of Oḡ in Bashan.
5 "All these cities were fenced with high walls, gates and bars, besides a great many unwalled towns.
6 "And we put them under the ban, as we did to Siḥon sovereign of Ḥeshbon, putting the men, the women, and the children of every city under the ban.
7 "But all the livestock and the spoil of the cities we took as booty for ourselves.
8 "And at that time we took the land, from the hand of the two sovereigns of the Amorites, that was beyond the Yardĕn, from the wadi Arnon to Mount Ḥermon -
9 "Tsiḏonians call Ḥermon, Siryon - and the Amorites call it Senir -,
10 all the cities of the plain, all Gilʽaḏ, and all Bashan, as far as Salḵah and Eḏreʽi, cities of the reign of Oḡ in Bashan.
11 "For only Oḡ sovereign of Bashan was left of the remnant of the Repha'ites. See, his bedstead was an iron bedstead. Is it not in Rabbah of the children of Ammon? Nine ammah is its length and four ammah its width, according to the ammah of a man.
12 "And this land, which we possessed at that time, from Aroʽĕr, which is by the wadi Arnon, and half the mountains of Gilʽaḏ and its cities, I gave to the Re'uḇĕnites and the Gaḏites.
13 "And the rest of Gilʽaḏ, and all Bashan, the reign of Oḡ, I gave to half the tribe of Menashsheh - all the district of Argoḇ, with all Bashan, called the land of the Repha'ites.
14 "Yaʽir son of Menashsheh had taken all the district of Argoḇ, as far as the border of the Geshurites and the Maʽaḵathites, and called them after his own name: ha'Bashan of Ḥawoth Yaʽir, to this day.
15 "And to Maḵir I gave Gilʽaḏ.
16 "And to the Re'uḇĕnites and the Gaḏites I gave from Gilʽaḏ as far as the wadi Arnon, the middle of the wadi as the border, as far as the wadi Yabboq, the border of the children of Ammon,
17 and the desert plain, with the Yardĕn as the border, from Kinnereth as far as the Sea of the Araḇah, the Salt Sea, below the slopes of Pisgah on the east.
18 "And I commanded you at that time, saying, ‘יהוה your Elohim has given you this land to possess. All you sons of might, pass over armed before your brothers, the children of Yisra'ĕl.
19 ‘But let your wives and your little ones, and your livestock - I know that you have much livestock - stay in your cities which I have given you,
20 until יהוה has given rest to your brothers as to you, and they also possess the land which יהוה your Elohim is giving them beyond the Yardĕn. Then you shall return, each man to his possession which I have given you.'
21 "And I commanded Yahoshua at that time, saying, ‘Your eyes have seen all that יהוה your Elohim has done to these two sovereigns. יהוה does the same to all the reigns which you are passing over.
22 ‘Do not fear them, for יהוה your Elohim Himself fights for you.'